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After grinding on unrewarding bugfixes for a few days, I decided to take a break to work on a new feature: audio. The sound player I'm using was developed by 4mat of Orb. It was used in the Orb Megademo quite a few years back which, to this day, has some of the only tolerable music I've heard from the Vic-20.

When it comes to audio, the Vic could not be more unlike its successor. The engineer behind the Commodore 64's SID had a solid musical background, and his involvement as well as the chip real estate produced the legendary sound that is still used by musicians today.

The Vic-20, on the other hand, has very limited audio capabilities. The Vic-20's audio capabilities are crammed alongside the 6560/6561 (the same chip resonsible for video ouput), and its three voices are harsh square waves. The frequencies produced by these voices have only a 7-bit range, and these frequencies are often out of pitch with standard Western musical frequencies.

For this reason, most innovation in producing music from the Vic-20 in recent years seems to focused on sampling techniques. However, the crudeness of the Vic's audio is part of its charm, so I'm choosing to use a simpler player for this game to preserve that flavor.

4mat's player works like most sequencing players. Songs are comprised of three parts: songs, patterns, and instruments. Songs sequence the patterns that are played, patterns play notes, change instruments, etc. And instruments tell the player how to alter notes as they are played (arpeggiate, etc).

Unfortunately, the only song I have made is a crude rendition of Jingle Bells I made for an unreleased disk mag, and that's gonna be there for the forseeable future. I downloaded Renoise to mess around with, but that'll be an ongoing process. After composing in Renoise, I'll most likely transcribe and hand-encode the songs into data files.

Of course, in addition to music, we need sound effects. The current system for these is mostly placeholder, but it basically overrides the song driver to play a different sound for a given duration. The alternative would be to mix the sound effect with the song. Many sounds can probably be achieved with just the Vic's noise channel, so I might explore using the 3 oscillators for music and the noise channel for fx (with the option to also use 1 or more oscillator).

That's it for now! I've moved on from sound and been doing quite a bit of work alongside writing this, so hopefully I'll see you again in a blog post soon. ;)